Democracy appears to be unproblematic and unquestionable yet this is not true because democracy is the most contested and controversial concept that there is in political theory. It is contested because it is so ambiguous.
Electoral democracy itself provides society with another problem which is that it does not address social ills and inequalities that the marginalized people are experiencing. Democracy should be addressing the political and social rights of citizens as well as ensuring that citizens have these rights initially. In addition to this, governments need to ensure that citizens have civil and political liberties as well to ensure that they can obtain some sort of freedom. It does not benefit the poor or the illiterate but rather alienates them because there is an active disregard for their well-fare rights.
The main issue with democracy is that requires political participation which is something most states struggle with because of their lack of faith in the government because it has become so corrupt and self-interested.
The problem in society is that there is democratic elitism where voters have little influence on decision-making process in a state where they are convinced that their voice matters and that the should be heard.
Democracy is sometimes describes as a system of organised uncertainty and unknown outcomes. Whereas it should be one’s ability to change the government that is in power as well as having equal legal and formal rights. Anybody should be allowed to compete for political leadership but this is not easy as not everyone has access to the same resources. Time, money and education aren’t equally resources or equally distributed either.
The political sphere of states is very classist and is based on who has the most power because that entity will most likely make most of the decisions.
Liberty is not only about enjoying equality but it is about merely having access to that equality. And that is the problem, that equality is inaccessible for the marginalized person in society.
There are issues such as socialist ideals, distributional justice, oppression, stagnation and economic collapse that need to be dealt with before democracy can be fully successful and implemented. Western discourse has regarded democracy as being intrinsic of capitalism, which is not far off from the reality and lived experiences of people who are living in democratic states.
There are unconstrained market forces such as inequalities, the limitation of the freedom of the working class, social and economic inequalities that prevent political inequality.
There are also superior economic resources that have influence in the democratic process, have bargaining power, are the holders of state power, set the agenda for democratic progress and processes and the above does not benefit majority of the citizens. This is because there is a lack of redistribution of goods.
Democracy is not only rooted in ones vote but also in the knowledge that ones vote matters and can make a change in the society you are living in . Democracy encompasses tangible and abstract changes as opposed to tick on the ballot box.